This may be caused by an internal Hash overflow issue with the Nortel hardware.

1. Connect Scrutinizer directly to the ERS node.
2. DO NOT directly connect Scrutinizer to that PR card and use a VLAN IP as the exporter IP. This will likely cause accuracy problems.
3. DO NOT use an out of band connection.
4. If you are not using many of the ports on the card, try spreading the links in 3 lanes, because each lane has a hash table and spreading the links may be helpful for reducing the hash overflow.

The issue may be due to a hash overflow. To check if you do have a hash overflow, do the following:

– show ip ipfix hash-stats

show-ip-ipfix-hash-stats7

If the value in the second column for “Hash Overflows” is greater than 0, or it keeps increasing every time you issue the “show ip ipfix hash-stats” command, it means you have a hash overflow.

A hash overflow means although the packet was sampled, there is no space to record it, so the system can only drop it. To possibly improve collection and output to Scrutinizer, change the hash-key mask from 1 to 2 (where 1 is the default). Output as seen in Scrutinizer may improve.

NOTE: The Nortel Design Team noticed the following:

-Hash Key 1 ? Use all bits of source IP (lower 20-bits), destination IP (lower 19-bits), Protocol (1-5 bits), Source Port (lower 10 bits), and Destination Port (lower 10 bits).
-Hash Key 2 ? Use lower 20-bits of source IP, lower 19-bits of Destination IP, and lower 24 bits of protocol (8-bits), source port (16-bits) and destination port (16-bits)
-Hash Mask 3 ? Use source IP (32-bits) and destination IP (32-bits)
-Hash Mask 4 ? Use source IP

Hash Key 2 mask will use the second set of hash key building algorithm.

Hash Key 2 : Cascaded Hash – Use all bits from 5-tuple –
hash1 = hash(SIP,DIP)
hash2 = hash(hash1(lower 24 bits,protocol(8 bits),
srcport(16 bits),dstport(16 bits))

It will build a better hash key to avoid hash overflow, and after doing this Nortel found that hash overflow disappeared.

****If you are using the default value 1 for the Hash Key mask, please try changing it to 2 with the following command and see if the results improve:

config ip ipfix port hash-key 2 save config

Contact Nortel support with further questions.

See my next blog, Utilization Understated on Nortel IPFIX capable equipment, part ii, for more information on this subject.

Joanne Ghidoni

Joanne is a Software Quality Assurance Engineer at Plixer. She has also held positions as Technical Support Engineer and Sales Engineer since joining Plixer in 2005. Prior to joining Plixer, Joanne has had numerous positions in the IT field, including data entry, computer operator, PC coordinator and support, mainframe programmer, and also Technical Support and web programmer at Cabletron Systems. In her spare time, Joanne enjoys traveling, always seeking out new and interesting places to visit.

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3 comments on “Utilization Understated on Nortel IPFIX capable equipment

  1. I have exactly the same Problem with a Nortel ERS 5520-48T-PWR and tried the “config ip ipfix port hash-key 2 save config” command. Unfortunately the Switch somehow doesn’t know this command regardless in which mode (ena or conf term) I am.

    The Swithch has a 30 day evaluation version of the Advanced Software License installed and runs with the Firmware 5.0.0.4 and the SW release 5.1.0.015.

    Do you have any suggestions?

    Thanks
    Markus

  2. Hi Markus,
    Nortel 5520 release 6.x has IPFix comes with the Basic license, you don’t need to buy the Advanced licensed for it

    AZ

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